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History and Inventors Braces or Stirrup

20 April , 2013 , Category : Article

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The term Stirrup or Braces probably no stranger to us. Who would have thought that the Braces or stirrup has existed and evolved since BC. Previously, the use of stirrup serves to maintain the rocking gear, but with the continued development and knowledge era, stirrup gear now used to straighten teeth arrangement.

The phenomenon braces actually started being used since the 2001, telenovela Betty la Fea when it appears. So much mockery of the use of braces. However, different from today. Quite often we see the use of braces are sometimes just as slang impression, style, and cool.

Braces or stirrup (dental braces) This itself is a tool for leveling gear.

B.C.
At first, braces function is to maintain the rocking gear. This technology was already known since 3000-2000 BC.

Around 400-300 SM, Hippocrates and Aristotle think of ways to straighten teeth and improve the condition of the teeth.

The archaeologists also found some mummies, that in the teeth fastened using iron ring / metal bands that serve to keep the teeth in order to stay in place.

Not only in the form of a wire, to fill the gap between the teeth of the shift, dental experts in the intestine was filled with cats. While the Romans outsmart gear shift with gold wire, to prevent shifting gears from its place as the condition of their teeth often incomplete.

Etruscans, precursors of Rome, bury people with dental equipment to prevent tooth loss during the Hereafter. This era is likely before the commencement of our era. A Roman tomb in Egypt was found with a number of teeth bonded with gold wire documented as ligature wire, small elastic wire used to affix the arch wire to the bracket.

In the same era, philosopher and physician Aurelius Cornelius Celcus first recorded dental treatment with finger pressure. Unfortunately due to lack of evidence and primitive technology, not much research to be done on the braces until about a century to 17.

Century 18
At The 1728, French Dentist Pierre Fauchard published a book entitled "The Surgeon Dentist" with all parts of the ways of straightening teeth. Mentioned that Fauchard using a tool called "Bandeau", ie a horseshoe-shaped plate of precious metals that help expand the arch and smoothed teeth out of the track.

French Dentist Etienne Bourdet mengikuti Fauchard pada Tahun 1757 with his book "The Dentist Art", He also devotes sections to straighten teeth and equipment. Bourdet itself a dentist King of France. He perfected "Bandeau". And also the first dentist recommended "extraction of premolars to alleviate crowding." He was also the first to scientifically prove the growth of the jaw. Patients are often asked to eat grapes, acid in the wine will stop the iron will rust in the mouth.

Scottish surgeon, John Hunter menulis “The Natural History of Human Teeth” pada tahun 1771, which depicts the anatomy of the tooth. His second book, “A Practical Treatise on the Diseases of Teeth” menjelaskan patologi gigi.

Although the alignment of teeth and extraction to improve the alignment of the remaining teeth has been practiced since ancient, Orthodontic as science itself has not existed until the mid-1800s.

Century 19

Because it is less effective bandeau, there are 1819, Delabarre introduced the use of nest / box wire, which became the beginning of the start of the modern era of braces. A nest for the wire to be placed one by one in our teeth and will be connected by wire.

The term itself was created by Joachim orthodontics Lafoulon in 1841. Elastics gum was first used by Maynard in years 1843, to hold the wire so the nest. Of 1850, Tucker was the first cut ruber bands of rubber tubing.

According to historians, many people who deserve to be called the "Father of Orthodontics". For example, Fauchard has introduced orthodontics in the community who really do not know anything about this problem, but some people have actually put maloclussion on map.

Dentist, author, artist, and sculptor, Norman W. Kingsley in 1858 wrote the first article about orthodontics and in years 1880, book, “Treatise on Oral Deformities” dipublikasikan.

The dentist named In Farrar wrote two volumes titled “A Treatise on the Irregularities of the Teeth and Their Corrections. Farrar was very clever in designing equipment stirrup, and he was the first to use a little force merankan on the time interval for the gear shift.

And in the late 1800s, Eugene Solomon Talbot was the first to use X-rays for orthodontic diagnosis. -Penuman invention is of course still much to advances in orthodontics in the 20th century later.

Century 20
In America in the early 1900s, a dentist, Edward H. Angle designed the first simple classification system for malocclusion (circumstances which deviate from normal occlusion), which is still in use today. Classification system is a way for dentists describe how crooked teeth, In which direction crooked teeth, and how the average tooth.

Angle gave a very important contribution to the design of orthodontic appliances, by including lots of simplifications. He founded the first school and college orthodontics, organize the American Society of Orthodontia in the 1901 (which is now the AAO in 1930), and established the first orthodontic journals in the year 1907.

Reference books are very proud homemade, "Malocclusion of the Teeth" penetrate seven editions. In developing back all progress, dentofactial orthodontics field of orthopedics eventually become expertise in the field of dental respected. Edward H. Angle was crowned as the Father of Modern Orthodontics (father of modern orthodontics).

Another innovation in orthodontics in the 20th century include the publication of the first text orthodontics for children published by JJ. Guilford in 1889, and the use of rubber elastic, led by Case S. Calvin along H. A. Baker.

In the early 1900s, orthodontist uses gold, platinum, silver, come down, gum rubber, Vulkan (sometimes wood, ivory, bed, copper, brass) to form loops, hooks, spurs, dan ligatures. 14-18 carat gold has been routinely used for wire, band, clasps, ligatures, and spures, also iridium-platinum bands and arch wires, and gold platinized for brackets.

Gold is used because it is soft and malleable. However, gold has shortcomings, because of its softness, gold required periodic adjustments and it was expensive. And you can imagine anyway, The gold bands wrap around the teeth one by one. "Metal mouth" is actually from the original gold or silver.

In the year of 1929, special council first gear, American Board of Orthodontics lahir (replace the American Society of Orthodontia in years 1901). Besides, The first synthetic (plastic)-bristle toothbrush was invented in the year 1938. Now, stainless steel is widely available, but its use as braces are still considered somewhat controversial. Besides, x-ray is not routinely used in orthodontic treatment until the 1950s.

Braces continue to wrap the tooth until the mid 1970s when direct bonding (modern bonded bracket) found. Actually, bound bracket has been found previously, but formulations for perkeatnya rudimentary until almost 1 decades later.

At first, bonded bracket is made of metal. As new methods, it took a while to direct bond brackets to "catch on". Around this time, self-ligating bracket also appears. Self-ligating brackets do not need to tie wires or elastic ligatures to hold the arch wire to the bracket, they are held by a sort of "door" made into each bracket. Early 1935, This idea began to take shape.

Around 1970, Earl Bergersen, DDS create passive equipment Ortho-Tain, that guides the growth of the jaw and helps Touch ups orthodontic problems and malocclusion in children and adults. Tools Ortho-Tain looks like plastic mouthgard, and used at night or a few hours each day. In many cases, many positive effects that have been made from this equipment.

In the year of 1975, two orthodontists work independently in Japan and the United States began to develop their own systems to put braces on the inner surface of teeth (Lingual braces). These braces offer great advantages from the bonded brackets. These braces are inside the tooth, so it is not visible (sometimes called invisible braces).

In America, the late Dr. Kurz Craven of Beverly Hills, California mengembangkan Kurz/system Ormco lingual. While in Japan, Profesor Kinya Fujita, from the University of Kanagawa Dental find language system itself, and continues to make great progress in the lingual method.

It takes special training to the process method lingual braces, and orthodontists America in the 1970s and 1980s were reluctant to use it, so that orthodontists in other countries continue to make progress. Lingual braces has become more popular because of the advanced technology. One example is iBraces, a company that has a custom-fabricates brackers for dental patients with the aid of a digital computer imaging.

Lingual braces are not visible are still popular until the early 1980s, when style tooth colored brackets made of sapphire single crystal and ceramics came into fashion. Now, There are also brackets are made from a combination of ceramic and metal, that the stronger the metal bracket coupled with the appearance of "tooth braces" are somewhat reduced coloring. Even, a company in Europe have found that ceramic brackets self-ligating.

With the use of ceramic braces instead of stainless steel is the one that often we find today. Or metal braces are popular among our. There is even a translucent silicone material that braces are not visible. Colorful retaining wire was also already has a replacement, that is the key that is located in the nests braces us.

Technology in the field of orthodontics continues to grow. More and more companies are utilizing a digital computer imaging to more appropriate care. Examples, OraMetrix SureSmile system by taking a detailed 3D model of the patient's teeth and helps the orthodontist to develop appropriate treatment plans. It is certainly shorten treatment time and provide accurate results.

At the end of the 20th century, NASA discovered a sensational breakthrough in the field of orthodontics, which is a combination of heat-activated cable nickel-titanium. At room temperature, cable heat-activated nickel-titanium is very flexible. When they menghangkatkan body temperature, The cable will be active and move toward the desired gear. Because of advanced technology equipment, kabelini maintain move teeth longer than ordinary wire and be the lack of maintenance of the orthodontist. Recently, many orthodontic which employs a heat-activated nickel-titanium wires in the treatment of their.

Invisialign
But progress does not stop there. Back to the year 1945, orthodontists have realized that the order of the plastic equipment can shift gears in the direction specified. Invisible braces / invisalign ditemukan oleh Zia Chishti Kelsey Wirth, graduate students in the MBA program at Stanford University.

Wirth use regular braces in high school, and he really hated. Chishti was finished with treatment using ordinary wire and now use a clear plastic retainer. He realized, if he does not use its retaining some days, teeth shifted a little bit, but this plastic retainer teeth move back to the desired position.
In the year of 1977, Chishti and Wirth apply 3-D computer graphics image to the field of orthodontics and create Align Technologies and methods of Invisalign. With the encouragement of Silicon Valley venture funds, Align also took over the industry orthodontis. Initially, dental experts underestimate this invention because Chishti and Wirth did not have any experience or expertise in the field of dental training.

Invisalign braces were first made to the public in May,, 2000 and terbuktui popular among patients. After that, beriringanlah many products that appear, like artificial GAC, 3-M Unitek, Ormco, OrthoClear, etc..

Surely in the future the company orthodontist will evolve toward a more precise. With increasingly sophisticated technology, braces will be in the short term, smaller, is not visible, more comfortable, and of course with the better results. And of course we can make a big smile.

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